China Transportation

Brief of China Transportation

After the founding of New China in 1949, China transportation witnessed a dramatic change in the past decades. An efficient network has been established comprehending railways, highways, civil aviation and water transport.

Air
China Aviation system is quite centralized in spite of the efforts to open domestic market to foreign airlines and private business. Starting from 2002, the central administration (CAAC-Civil Aviation Administration of China) has been pushing the merger between the many airlines to form 3 big blocs, Air China, China Eastern and China Southern Airlines. Together with local-funded carriers like Hainan, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Xianmen and Shandong, the 3 air giants of China offer satisfactory services to passengers at home and abroad. The fleets consist of new models of Boeing, Airbus and McDonnell Douglas, guaranteeing the service quality and safety. By the end of 2001, 126 civil airports have been in use with a total of 1143 air routes.                                                                   More >>

China Major Airlines   Major Airport for international tourists   Tips for air travel in China

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Railway
By the end of 2002, the double track railway in China has reached a length of 71,898 km with an expanding speed of 1000km per year. The virgin trip to Lhasa by train will start a big event of China Rail history in July 2006 Train is still the most important mass transportation vehicle. With its affordable fares, comfortable sleeping booths and increasing speed, it is competing with air and bus. Some overnight train rides are convenient and comfortable and are wooing more business people than air. The overnight train between Shanghai and Beijing even has private twin/single rooms and private toilet.

More about China train, train ticket booking and train travel tips

Highway

By the end of 2004, China has a highway mileage of 1.87 million km, ranking the 4th place in the world, while expressway took the second place with a total length of more than 19,000 km. In some short distance transportation, the bus is killing the train with more departures, more comfortable seats and shorter time. Imported or domestically assembled buses like Mercedes-Benz, Volvo, Daewoo can be found in many parts of China.                                More >>

Waterway
China has an 18,000-km-long coastline and over 6,500 islands. The Bohai, Huanghai, East, and South seas line up side by side in the east and south of the country forming vast waterway to other parts of the world. Some world-class seaports have been built in the past few decades like Shanghai, Ningbo, Tianjing, Guangzhou, Qingdao and Shenzhen, running busy international and domestic routes to connect the rest of world and their each other. Shanghai Harbor ranked the third largest port in the world since 2003.                      More >>

China subway (Metro):
As China witnesses a rapid growth in the past few decades, many major cities have kept expanding; more and more people flew into these cities to realize their dreams. Under these circumstances, some cities with a population of over 5 millions began to consider the construction of Subway or light rail system to ease the pressure of massive public transport.                     More >>

Taxi:
Taxi was probably introduced to China early last century, and experienced a stride in 1920-30's. After the Communists took over the power, the taxi business was put under the state ownership. During the Cultural Revolution, taxi extinguished completely in Mainland China.
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Bike in China:
When in China, do as Chinese people do: cycling. Bicycles in China are ingrained in every day life, are an important means of transportation and are visible everywhere. Also in the big cities cycles dominate streets although more and more cars and highways are being built.
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  • Bike in China

    When in China, do as Chinese people do: cycling. Bicycles in China are ingrained in every day life, are an important means of transportation and are visible everywhere. Also in the big cities cycles dominate streets although more and more cars and hi More >>

  • Taxi

    Taxi was probably introduced to China early last century, and experienced a stride in 1920-30's. After the Communists took over the power, the taxi business was put under the state ownership. During the Cultural Revolution, taxi extinguished com More >>

  • China subway

    As China witnesses a rapid growth in the past few decades, many major cities have kept expanding; more and more people flew into these cities to realize their dreams. Under these circumstances, some cities with a population of over 5 millions began t More >>

  • Highways

    By the end of 2004, the highways in China have reached a total mileage of 1.87 million kilometers, 60,800 km more compared with the previous year. In 10th five-year plan, Chinese government attached great importance to building the expressways and hi More >>

  • Tips-off for train travel in China

    Booking a train ticket is not so easy and convenient in China, especially during the festivals and holidays, though it has been well improved in the past decades. All the tickets are printed in Chinese with only the starts and ends of the train ride More >>

  • China train ticketing

    Chinatourhub.com offers train ticket booking service in many major cities. Besides the 3 cities listed below here, we can also book train tickets in Guilin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Xiamen, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Taiyuan, More >>

  • China Train Travel

    China's first railway, the Songhu Line, was built in 1874 in Shanghai, symbolizing the beginning of modern transportation in China. By the end of 2003, total length of China's railway has reached 73,000 kilometers ranking the first place in More >>

  • Xian Xianyang International Airport

    First built in 1984, and opened in 1991, the Xi'an Xianyang International Airport airport is located in the northwest of Xi'an, 47 km away from city center with coverage of 500 hectares. The rapid growth in air traffic in northwestern Chin More >>

  • Urumqi International Airport

    16km northwest of the city, Urumqi International Airport was first built in 1939. In the past few decades the airport has been expanded several times, especially in late 1990's, the Government invested RMB1.95 billion (US$245million) to redevelo More >>

  • Shenzhen Baoan International Airport

    Shenzhen Baoan International Airport (SZX) is situated on a coastal plain at the east bank of Pearl River Delta Area, with the total area of 1,000 sq.meter. The grade of the airspace is 4E. With an extensive airfield area and excellent airspace condi More >>

  • Shanghai Airports

    As China's first large listed airport company renamed from Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport Co., Ltd., Shanghai International Airport Co., Ltd. is a joint-stock limited company solely initiated by Shanghai Airport Authority and set up in More >>

  • Lhasa Gonga Airport

    Located at Gonga County- 100km southeast of the city, Lhasa Gonga Airport was first built in 1965. With an investment of 370 million yuan, Lhasa Airport Terminal was put into service on January 1st, 2004 with an altitude of 3600 meters. The runway i More >>

  • Kunming Wujiaba International Airport

    Kunming Wujiaba International Airport is located at southeast of the city. It is an air transportation center of Southwest China. First built in 1923, the airport saw 3 major expansions and redevelopments in 1958, 1993 and 1998 respectively. The air More >>

  • Hong Kong International Airport

    As one of the most important hubs for international passenger and cargo flow, Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) is a great asset to Hong Kong. The success in keeping the flow fluent and reliable and in providing a high-quality service to airport More >>

  • Guilin Liangjiang International Airport

    Locate 26km (15miles) southwest of the city, Guilin Liangjiang International Airport covers an area of 406 hectares. The airport was opened on October 1, 1996 with 150,000-m2 aprons. At the present Guilin Airport accommodates 97 flights per day with More >>

  • Guangzhou New Baiyun International Airport

    Located 28km north of Guangzhou, the New Baiyun international Airport was put into use on June 28, 2004, which made the airport the third largest in China next to Beijing and Shanghai. Now the first phase has been achieved in 2005. The whole project More >>

  • Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

    Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is seated in the central section of Shuanxi Plain and is 16km southwest to the center of Chengdu City. Located at 30°34'47" N and 103°57'02''E, it is an important aviation hinge and distrib More >>

  • Beijing Capital International Airport:

    Beijing Capital International Airport is located in northeast of Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China, and 25.35km from the Tiananmen Square, center of Beijing city. It is not only an aviation gateway of Beijing and a window for intern More >>

  • Xianmen Airlines (Code: MF)

    Xiamen Airlines was founded on July 25th, 1984. Its two shareholders are China Southern Airlines Company Limited and Xiamen C & D Corporation Limited with 60% and 40% shares respectively. Having gone through a six-year pioneering stage, five yea More >>

  • China Southern Airlines (Code: CZ)

    China Southern Airlines Company Limited (i.e. the Company) together with its subsidiaries (collectively, the Group) is one of the three largest airlines in China. Throughout 2004 the Group continues to rank first among all Chinese airlines in terms More >>