China Transportation

Brief of China Transportation

After the founding of New China in 1949, China transportation witnessed a dramatic change in the past decades. An efficient network has been established comprehending railways, highways, civil aviation and water transport.

Air
China Aviation system is quite centralized in spite of the efforts to open domestic market to foreign airlines and private business. Starting from 2002, the central administration (CAAC-Civil Aviation Administration of China) has been pushing the merger between the many airlines to form 3 big blocs, Air China, China Eastern and China Southern Airlines. Together with local-funded carriers like Hainan, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Xianmen and Shandong, the 3 air giants of China offer satisfactory services to passengers at home and abroad. The fleets consist of new models of Boeing, Airbus and McDonnell Douglas, guaranteeing the service quality and safety. By the end of 2001, 126 civil airports have been in use with a total of 1143 air routes.                                                                   More >>

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Railway
By the end of 2002, the double track railway in China has reached a length of 71,898 km with an expanding speed of 1000km per year. The virgin trip to Lhasa by train will start a big event of China Rail history in July 2006 Train is still the most important mass transportation vehicle. With its affordable fares, comfortable sleeping booths and increasing speed, it is competing with air and bus. Some overnight train rides are convenient and comfortable and are wooing more business people than air. The overnight train between Shanghai and Beijing even has private twin/single rooms and private toilet.

More about China train, train ticket booking and train travel tips

Highway

By the end of 2004, China has a highway mileage of 1.87 million km, ranking the 4th place in the world, while expressway took the second place with a total length of more than 19,000 km. In some short distance transportation, the bus is killing the train with more departures, more comfortable seats and shorter time. Imported or domestically assembled buses like Mercedes-Benz, Volvo, Daewoo can be found in many parts of China.                                More >>

Waterway
China has an 18,000-km-long coastline and over 6,500 islands. The Bohai, Huanghai, East, and South seas line up side by side in the east and south of the country forming vast waterway to other parts of the world. Some world-class seaports have been built in the past few decades like Shanghai, Ningbo, Tianjing, Guangzhou, Qingdao and Shenzhen, running busy international and domestic routes to connect the rest of world and their each other. Shanghai Harbor ranked the third largest port in the world since 2003.                      More >>

China subway (Metro):
As China witnesses a rapid growth in the past few decades, many major cities have kept expanding; more and more people flew into these cities to realize their dreams. Under these circumstances, some cities with a population of over 5 millions began to consider the construction of Subway or light rail system to ease the pressure of massive public transport.                     More >>

Taxi:
Taxi was probably introduced to China early last century, and experienced a stride in 1920-30's. After the Communists took over the power, the taxi business was put under the state ownership. During the Cultural Revolution, taxi extinguished completely in Mainland China.
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Bike in China:
When in China, do as Chinese people do: cycling. Bicycles in China are ingrained in every day life, are an important means of transportation and are visible everywhere. Also in the big cities cycles dominate streets although more and more cars and highways are being built.
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  • Shenzhen Airlines (Code: ZH)

    Headquartered in Shenzhen- the neighboring city of Hong Kong at Mainland China side, Shenzhen Airline was born in November 1992, and put into operation in September 1993. At present, Shenzhen Airline has an employment of 5100, and owns 32 Boeing 737 More >>

  • Shanghai Airlines (Code: FM)

    Established in 1985, Shanghai Airlines Co., Ltd. is the first commercial airline in China. As on October 11th, 2002, Shanghai Airlines officially got listed in Shanghai stock market. Concentrating on domestic trunk transportation of cargo and passen More >>

  • Shandong Airlines (Code: SC)

    Based in Jinan - the capital city of Shan Dong Province, Shandong Airlines was founded in March 1994. In November of that year, the company began to operate its aviation business. The company was co-invested by 12 state-owned investment companies and More >>

  • Sichuan Airlines Co. Ltd. (Code: 3U)

    In August 2002, Sichuan Airlines Co. Ltd was restructured on the basis of its predecessor. Sichuan Airlines, which was established on September 19, 1986 and began its operation on July 14, 1988. The company has a total of more than 1800 employees, 8 More >>

  • Hainan Airlines (Code: HU)

    Hainan Airlines Company Limited (HNA) is a civil aviation enterprise listed in Shanghai Stock Market. The company was established by the restructuring of the former Hainan provincial Airlines Company in January 1993, and started its operation on May More >>

  • China Eastern Airlines (Code MU):

    After merging original China Northwest Airline and partnering with Yunnan Airlines, China Eastern Airlines (group) has become one of the three largest state-owned airlines.It headquarters in Shanghai - the most dynamic and developed metropolis, which More >>

  • Air China

    Air China is the largest commercial airline in China. After national reform of CAAC and merge other small airlines, the new Air China has total assets of RMB 51.74 billion (US$6.47billion), 23000 employees and handling capacity of 5.17 billion tons. More >>

  • China Civil Aviation and ticket booking:

    China' s aviation industry has seen a dramatic change since the reform and opening up to outside world in late 1970's, leaping from the 37th place to the 5th place in 2003 in the world. She has become the fastest-growing market for aircraft More >>